iindaba

Formic acidluhlobo lwe-organic matter, i-chemical formula HCOOH, ubunzima be-molecular 46.03, igama eliqhelekileyo le-asidi ye-formic, yi-asidi ye-carboxylic elula.Lulwelo olungenambala noluhlabayo.I-asidi ye-formic yi-electrolyte ebuthathaka, kodwa isisombululo sayo esinamanzi sibuthathaka kwaye sinoburharha, kwaye sinokuvuselela ukugqabhuka kwesikhumba.Idla ngokufumaneka kwincindi yeenyosi, iimbovane ezithile, nemibungu.Yimathiriyeli ekrwada yekhemikhali ephilayo kwaye ikwasetyenziswa njengesibulali ntsholongwane kunye nesigcinakaliso.

Formic acid1Iimpawu zekhemikhali:Ulwelo olungenambala lomsi olunokutsha olunevumba elibukhali elibukhali.Inyibilika emanzini, ethanol kunye ne-ether, inyibilika kancinane kwibenzene.

Isicelo:I-asidi ye-Formic yimathiriyeli ekrwada yeekhemikhali esetyenziswa ngokubanzi kumashishini ahlukeneyo ngeenjongo ezahlukeneyo.Makhe sihlolisise iimpawu zayo kunye nokusebenza kwayo kumashishini ahlukeneyo.

Izitshabalalisi-Ishishini lezolimo lisebenzisa kakhulu i-asidi ye-formic kwimveliso ye-pesticides, i-herbicides, kunye ne-bactericides.Sisithako esibalulekileyo ekuvelisweni kwezibulali zinambuzane ngenxa yokukwazi ukukhupha amanzi ezinambuzaneni kunye nokuzibambisa kwii-exoskeletons.

Isikhumba - i-asidi ye-Formic sisithako esisebenzayo kwishishini lokushuka.Isetyenziselwa ukususa inyama eseleyo kwizikhumba ngaphambi kokugcinwa, ukuvelisa isikhumba sesikhumba esihlala ixesha elide kunezikhumba ezingaphathwanga.

Idayi - Indalo ye-asidi ye-Formic ivumela ukuba isetyenziswe ekuveliseni idayi kunye ne-pigments, ngokuqhelekileyo njenge-arhente yokunciphisa.

I-Medicine - I-asidi ye-Formic inezicelo eziqhelekileyo zonyango, ngokukodwa kwi-synthesis ye-formamide kunye neefomathi kwishishini lamachiza.

Ishishini lerabha - I-asidi ye-Formic isetyenziswa kwishishini lerabha yokudibanisa irabha.Ngokudibanisa i-asidi ye-formic kwi-rubber, i-raw material iba yinto enokuphepheka kwaye isebenze.

Umzi-mveliso we-textile-i-asidi ye-Formic ikwathandwa kwishishini lelaphu lokulungisa ilaphu, ukudaya, kunye nokushicilela.Iimpawu zayo ze-acidic zivumela ukufunxa umbala ngokukhawuleza kwimveliso yelaphu.

Ukugcinwa kokutya okuluhlaza – iFomic acid sisigcinakaliso sesondlo esihambelana nokusingqongileyo esisetyenziselwa ukunciphisa izinga lokukhula kwebhaktiriya ekutyeni kwezilwanyana.Esi sicelo siluncedo ngakumbi ekunciphiseni inkcitho kunye nokwandisa imveliso yezilwanyana.

Ngaphandle kwezi zicelo, iFormic acid ikwasetyenziswa njengesibulali ntsholongwane, isigcinakaliso, kunye nearhente yonyango lomphezulu wesinyithi, phakathi kwezinye.Ukuguquguquka kwayo kwenza ukuba ibe sisithako esidumileyo kumashishini amaninzi kwihlabathi liphela.

Ukupakisha: 1200kg / igubu

Indlela yokugcina:

Gcina kwindawo epholileyo, nengena umoya.Zigcine kude nomlilo nobushushu.Ubushushu bendawo yokugcina amanzi abuyi kuba ngaphezu kwe-30℃, kwaye ukufuma okuhambelanayo akuyi kudlula i-85%.Gcina isitya sivaliwe.Kufuneka igcinwe ngokwahlukileyo kwi-oxidizers, i-alkali kunye ne-powders yensimbi esebenzayo, kwaye akufanele ixutywe.Ixhotyiswe ngeentlobo ezihambelanayo kunye nobuninzi bezixhobo zomlilo.Indawo yokugcina kufuneka ixhotyiswe ngezixhobo zonyango olungxamisekileyo oluvuzayo kunye nezixhobo ezifanelekileyo zokuthintela.

Indlela yothutho:

Ngexesha lothutho lukaloliwe, uluhlu lokupakisha izinto ezinobungozi kwiMithetho yoThutho lweeMpahla ezinobungozi yoMphathiswa wezoLoliwe iya kulandelwa ngokungqongqo.Ukupakisha kufuneka kugqitywe kwaye ukulayishwa kufuneka kukhuseleke.Ngexesha lokuthutha, kuyimfuneko ukuqinisekisa ukuba isitya asivuzi, sidilika, siwe okanye sonakalise.Akuvumelekanga ngokungqongqo ukuxuba kunye ne-oxidants, i-alkali, i-powder yensimbi esebenzayo, iikhemikhali ezidliwayo, njl njl. Izithuthi zokuthutha kufuneka zixhotyiswe ngeentlobo ezifanelekileyo kunye nobuninzi bezixhobo zomlilo kunye nokuvuza kwezixhobo zonyango olungxamisekileyo.Ngexesha lokuthutha, kufuneka ikhuselwe ekukhanyeni kwelanga, imvula kunye nokushisa okuphezulu.Uthutho lwendlela kufuneka lulandele indlela emiselweyo, musa ukuhlala kwiindawo zokuhlala kunye neendawo ezinabantu abaninzi.

Isishwankathelo, i-Formic acid yinto ebalulekileyo yendalo kwishishini, kwaye ukuguquguquka kwayo kwizicelo ezahlukeneyo kuthetha kakhulu ngokubaluleka kwayo.Njengezinto eziphilayo zemichiza ekrwada, i-asidi ye-formic ibalulekile kwiimveliso ezininzi zokugqibela, kwaye ukubaluleka kwayo akunakugxininiswa.Ukusetyenziswa kwayo kwimizi-mveliso kusenokwenzeka ukuba kunyuke, ngenxa yempembelelo yayo entle kumashishini ahlukeneyo kunye nokufaneleka kwayo njengemveliso ehambelana nokusingqongileyo.Kubavelisi kunye namashishini, ukusebenzisa i-asidi ye-formic yindlela eqinisekileyo yokuphucula umgangatho wemveliso kunye nokwenza iimveliso zingabizi kakhulu.

Formic acid2


Ixesha lokuposa: Jun-14-2023